Freight quotes depend on your shipment’s distance, weight, density, susceptibility to damage, value, and handling ease. When determining your freight quote, a carrier will ask for this information to determine your shipment’s freight classification. A rate table based on distance traveled and freight class determines your shipment price.

LTL and TL Freight Quotes

LTL shipments are priced “per 100 pounds,” “cwt,” or “per hundred weight.” This means that a 400 lb shipment priced at $25 CWT would cost $100, not including accessories or specialty services. Typically, as the weight of your shipment increases the CWT rate decreases. Most freight carriers establish a minimum charge for light shipments. The rate for a full truckload shipment is calculated per mile and is typically cheaper than if it were priced per pound.

Surcharges and Accessories.

Remember, your freight carrier’s rate table will determine the base cost of your freight shipment, but almost all freight haulers add a fuel surcharge to the price of your shipment which can be up to 25 percent. If your item requires special handling or equipment, such as a liftgate or residential delivery, you will be charged an additional fee for these services as well.

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Jim Bramlett

General Manager, LTL Freight at uShip
Jim brings over 36 years of logistics and transportation leadership experience to uShip, where he is general manager of LTL freight. In his role, Jim leads uShip’s strategy development, deployment and sales initiatives to connect LTL carriers directly with shippers through the efficient uShip platform. Before joining uShip, Jim was COO of SmartFreightWare, a transportation management software (TMS) developer. At SmartFreightWare, Jim was responsible for implementing solutions that delivered efficiency for shippers to eliminate time and costs. Jim spent 12 years with Yellow Freight System where he was responsible for developing new services, leading the development of their international services and managing customer segmentation. Jim successfully helped transition Yellow from a pure LTL company to one offering expedited and guaranteed services. Jim has seven years of experience leading third-party logistics companies including Yellow Logistics Services and later founded, an early adopter of the Internet as a platform to engage customers and providers.

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